Guideline for Academic Integrity and Prevention of Plagiarism
(In pursuance of UGC’s Academic Integrity and Prevention of Plagiarism
The concept of plagiarism is related to the idea of theft of intellectual property, i.e., copying someone else's work or ideas as their own, with or without their consent, by including it into their work without full acknowledgment and citation. All forms of information fall under this category, whether may it be published and unpublished material, or manuscript, printed and electronic form, plagiarism may be intentional or reckless, or unintentional. Under regulations for examinations, willful or reckless plagiarism is a disciplinary offense (Source: Oxford University). This Plagiarism guideline for IIA has been formulated based on the UGC Academic Integrity and prevention of Plagiarism Regulation-2018 vide D. O. No F.1-18/2010 (CPP-II) dated 23 July 2018. This ensures that the institute has zero-tolerance for plagiarism in the research output carried out by our researchers.
- To promote the quality of the scholarly publications with appropriate research activities.
- To promote academic integrity and create awareness among the research community
within IIA about ethical issues of academic writings.
3. Need of the guideline
Any academic institute's reputation and prestige lie in the scholarly output contributed by a researcher. Through this, a researcher can guide oneself with academic integrity guidelines that one may not be aware of previously. Maintaining an acceptable plagiarism policy is mandatory to check whether any researcher indulges in activities beyond academic integrity rules.
4. Forms of plagiarism
According to the Legal Service India forum, the different types of plagiarism that authors get indulged in are mentioned as follows:
- Copy and paste plagiarism: this is when the author exactly copies the words or
the sentence from the referred document and does not acknowledge it.
- Word-switch plagiarism: this is when the author fails to
synthesize the ideas, and manipulates some of the words of the
referred record, and then claims it to be
the author's work.
- Metaphor plagiarism: The use of metaphor has been evident to provide a much
clearer idea in some analogy works. Copying the metaphor words to improve the
research result also falls under the concept of plagiarism.
- Idea plagiarism: taking reference from ideas of any other's work should be
properly attributed, or else it will be considered under the domain of
- Reasoning style/Organization plagiarism: when someone takes reference by copying
sentences after sentences or paragraphs after paragraphs, without proper
attribution, it is only considered a form of plagiarism.
- Self-plagiarism: where the plagiarist borrows generously from his or her
5. UGC Recommendations on Plagiarism
5.1. Exclusion from plagiarism
While running the similarity check for plagiarism, the following can be excluded:
Note: The research work carried out by the student, faculty, researcher, and staff shall be based on original ideas, including abstract, summary, hypothesis, observations, results, conclusions, and recommendations only and shall not have many similarities. It shall exclude common knowledge or coincidental terms, up to fourteen (14) consecutive words.
5.2 Plagiarism levels
Plagiarism would be quantified into the following levels in ascending order of severity for its definition:
5.3 Penalties in case of plagiarism in the submission of thesis and dissertations
5.4 Penalties in case of plagiarism in academic and research publications
Shall be asked to withdraw manuscript.
Shall be denied a right to one annual increment.
Shall not be allowed to be a supervisor to any new Master’s, Ph.D. Student/scholar two years.
Shall be asked to withdraw the manuscript.
Shall be denied a right to two successive annual increments.
Shall not be allowed to be a supervisor to any new Master’s, Ph.D. Student/scholar for three years.
6. Access Procedure
IIA has access to iThenticate, a commercial plagiarism detection service from iParadigms. iThenticate is the pre-eminent tool for researchers and academicians to check their original works for possible plagiarism. It compares the documents (including journal article manuscripts, proposals, research reports, annual reports, patents, pre-prints, thesis, dissertations and conference proceedings, etc.) against millions of published works available through the Internet and subscription databases. IIA Library helps researchers to retain their originality of research work through the plagiarism checking procedure as a part a library service.
Academic staff and technical staff have direct access to iThenticate.
- Every authorised user will receive an email from
- To begin using iThenticate please visit
- Have to log in using your username (your IIA email id) and password, which are
provided in an email you received.
- You will be directed to change the password when you first log in, reset the
password, and login again.
Note that: While performing the plagiarism check for article and reports, the following can be excluded as guidelines from UGC, publishers, funding agencies, etc.:
- Quotes and phrases
- Small matches up to 1% or 14 words
- Mathematical formulas/equations
- Name of institution/ departments
Students and Researcher (Integrated MTech-PhD, JRF, SRF and PDF) are encouraged to use iThenticate with support from their supervisor as a tool to advance their understanding of good academic integrity practices.
6.3 For Article and Reports submission
Most of the top-quality journals in astronomy and astrophysics use iThenticate as their plagiarism detection service. For checking the word limit and file size of the article, the authors are requested to follow the article submission guidelines of the respective journals in which they prefer to submit their article. One can check the ethical policies for academic writing for the publishers, as mentioned earlier, through the below-mentioned links:
- Institute of Physics
Wiley Online Library
Cambridge University Press
American Institute of Physics
- American Physical Society
7. Self-help Documentation:
Upcoming webinar on User Awareness Session: 1st June 2022 (4:00 PM) - https://turnitin.zoom.us/webinar/register/WN_bgvaOSv5S62vcCBE6Np-Gg