# A study on the electric dipole moment of atoms (Record no. 14539)

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fixed length control field | 04870nam a2200253Ia 4500 |

003 - CONTROL NUMBER IDENTIFIER | |

control field | IN-BaIIA |

005 - DATE AND TIME OF LATEST TRANSACTION | |

control field | 20211110171813.0 |

008 - FIXED-LENGTH DATA ELEMENTS--GENERAL INFORMATION | |

fixed length control field | 211028s9999 xx 000 0 eng d |

040 ## - CATALOGING SOURCE | |

Transcribing agency | IIA Library |

080 ## - UNIVERSAL DECIMAL CLASSIFICATION NUMBER | |

Universal Decimal Classification number | 43.52 |

Item number | SIN |

100 ## - MAIN ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME | |

Personal name | Singh, Angom Dilip Kumar |

9 (RLIN) | 25833 |

Relator term | Author |

245 #2 - TITLE STATEMENT | |

Title | A study on the electric dipole moment of atoms |

Remainder of title | a thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the faculty of science Bangalore University |

Statement of responsibility, etc. | Angom Dilip Kumar Singh |

Medium | [Ph.D Thesis] |

260 ## - PUBLICATION, DISTRIBUTION, ETC. | |

Place of publication, distribution, etc. | Bangalore |

Name of publisher, distributor, etc. | Indian Institute of Astrophysics |

Date of publication, distribution, etc. | 1998 |

300 ## - PHYSICAL DESCRIPTION | |

Extent | xii, 134p. |

500 ## - GENERAL NOTE | |

General note | Thesis Supervisor B. P. Das |

502 ## - DISSERTATION NOTE | |

Degree type | Doctor of Philosophy |

Name of granting institution | Bangalore University , Bangalore |

Year degree granted | 1998 |

520 ## - SUMMARY, ETC. | |

Summary, etc. | The forms of symmetries exhibited by physical systems can be classified as continuous and<br/>discrete. With each symmetry there is an associated transformation and these obey characteristic group structures. The continuous symmetries are associated with transformations which has the concept of infinitesimal transformation and a finite transformation can be achieved by applying a sequence of infinitesimal transformations. Whereas in discrete symmetries, there is no concept of infinitesimal transformations, instead the transformation takes the physical system from one state to another. The state of the system before and after the transformation can be same or different. If the system remains the same after<br/>the transformation then it is invariant under the particular symmetry, if the state is different after the transformation then the symmetry is said to be violated by the system[3}. In classical physics the discrete symmetries figure less prominently than they do in quantum physics [2]. The three important discrete symmetries of interest in physical studies are charge<br/>conjugation(C), space-inversion/parity (P) and time-reversal(T). According to the CPT<br/>theorem[3} all physical systems described in local field theories are invariant under the<br/>combined CPT transformation. A physical system/process can violate each of these symmetries individually such that it is compensated by another of the symmetry but when<br/>combined the CPT-theorem is still valid. It has been now established that the weak interaction violates parity but to date no concrete evidence of T violation has been observed<br/>apart from the decay of kaons. Symmetry violations can be observed in laboratory by<br/>looking for their signatures in physical systems. For a single particle or a composite system<br/>the intrinsic Electric Dipole Moment(EDM) in a non-degenerate state is the signature of<br/>P and T violation. The significance of observing such an EDM is that it could lead to a<br/>better understanding of the origin of T or CP violation.<br/>Neutral Atomic systems are good candidates to search for EDM as it is a composite system of leptons and hadrons. The collective many-body effects can enhance the EDM arising<br/>from interaction in a certain sector or due to intrinsic EDM of the constituent particles<br/>either constructively or destructively. The effect of a particular interaction (property ) can<br/>be studied by an appropriate choice of atomic system. The enhancement factor is proportional to the atomic number Z and hence heavier atoms are preferred. Once an atom<br/>is chosen based on the physical effect of interest, the intrinsic EDM can be measured by<br/>subjecting the atom to a constant external electric field E. The interaction Hamiltonian<br/>between E and Da is -Da ·E. Experimentally Da is measured as the linear response to<br/>a constant external electric field. Though all the theoretical descriptions are applicable to<br/>both atomic systems as well as ionic systems, ions cannot be used in experiments as the<br/>external field gives rise to a net force acting on it. From now on only atomic systems will<br/>be considered.<br/>The atomic Hamiltonian is the sum of kinetic energy part of the electrons, electronnucleus coulomb interaction, .electron-electron coulomb interaction and the PT-violating<br/>interaction Hamiltonian HpTV ' The presence of HpTV implies that the eigen states of<br/>the atomic Hamiltonian are no more eigen-states of parity operator P. The theoretical<br/>computation is done by treating HpTV as the perturbation which mixes opposite parity<br/>eigen states of the unperturbed Hamiltonian Hatom , which has the kinetic energy of the<br/>electrons, electron-electron coulomb interaction and electron-nucleus coulomb interaction.<br/>This gives a mixed parity ground state of the atom, from which the intrinsic atomic EDM<br/>Da is computed as linear response to the external field. |

650 ## - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM | |

Topical term or geographic name entry element | Atomic systems |

9 (RLIN) | 19508 |

650 ## - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM | |

Topical term or geographic name entry element | Ele ctric dipole moment |

9 (RLIN) | 25834 |

650 ## - SUBJECT ADDED ENTRY--TOPICAL TERM | |

Topical term or geographic name entry element | Many - body theories |

9 (RLIN) | 13177 |

700 ## - ADDED ENTRY--PERSONAL NAME | |

Personal name | B. P. Das |

Relator term | Supervisor |

9 (RLIN) | 48865 |

856 ## - ELECTRONIC LOCATION AND ACCESS | |

Uniform Resource Identifier | <a href="http://prints.iiap.res.in/handle/2248/110">http://prints.iiap.res.in/handle/2248/110</a> |

Link text | Click Here to Access eThesis |

942 ## - ADDED ENTRY ELEMENTS (KOHA) | |

Koha item type | Thesis & Dissertations |

Source of classification or shelving scheme | Universal Decimal Classification |

Withdrawn status | Lost status | Source of classification or shelving scheme | Damaged status | Not for loan | Home library | Current library | Shelving location | Date acquired | Full call number | Barcode | Date last seen | Price effective from | Koha item type |
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Universal Decimal Classification | IIA Library-Bangalore | IIA Library-Bangalore | General Stacks | 09/03/2002 | 043.52/ SIN | 15461 | 05/11/2021 | 09/03/2002 | Thesis & Dissertations |